Roles of School and Teacher for sexual health in school

Sexual education is very important and sensitive for school education. Sexual health is an important component of over all health and well-being. It is a major, Positive part of personal health and healthy living and it follows that “sexual health education should be available to all. In principle, all persons, including youth, have a right to the Information, motivation/personal insight, and skills necessary to prevent negative sexual Health outcomes (e.g., sexually transmitted infections including HIV, unplanned pregnancy) and to enhance sexual health (e.g., maintenance of reproductive health, positive self-image). Most people become sexually active during their teenage years with over 70% of males and females experiencing their first sexual intercourse before age 20. In order to ensure that youth are equipped with the information, motivation/personal insight, and skills to protect their sexual and reproductive health, “it is imperative that schools, in cooperation with parents, the community, and healthcare professionals, play a major role in sexual health education and promotion”. Parents and guardians are a primary and important source of sexual health education for young people. A adolescents often look to their families as one of several preferred sources of sexual health information. In addition, most young people agree that sexual health education should be a shared responsibility between parents and Schools. A recent study found that among Grade 9 students in Canada, the school was the most frequently cited main source of information on human sexuality/puberty/birth control and HIV/AIDS. Since schools are the only formal educational institution to have meaningful contact with Nearly every young person, they are in a unique position to provide children, adolescents, And young adults with the knowledge and skills they will need to make and act upon Decisions that promote sexual health throughout their lives As an important part of its contribution to adolescent development, school-based sexual health education can play an important role in the primary prevention of significant sexual Health problems. As documented in more detail below, well developed and implemented School-based sexual health education programs can effectively help youth reduce their risk Of STI/HIV infection and unintended pregnancy. In addition, it should be emphasized that an important goal of sexual health education is to provide insights into broader aspects of Sexuality, including sexual well-being and rewarding interpersonal relationships. At the most basic level, in order for school- based sexual health education programs to be Effective, there must be sufficient classroom time devoted to sexual health related instruction and teachers must be adequately trained and motivated to provide high quality sexual health Education programming. In addition, it is clear from the research literature on sexual health Promotion that effective programs are based and structured upon theoretical models that Enable educators to understand and influence sexual health behavior. For example, the IMB model specifies that in order for sexual health education for youth to be effective, it Must provide information that is directly relevant to sexual health (e.g., information on Effective forms of birth control and where to access them), address motivational factors that Influence sexual health behavior (e.g., discussion of social pressures on youth to become Sexually active and benefits of delaying first intercourse), and teach the specific behavioral Skills that are needed to protect and enhance sexual health (e.g., learning to negotiate

Condom use and/or sexual limit setting). for information on the use of the IMB model for the Planning, implementation, and evaluation of sexual health education programs. At a more detailed level, review and analysis of the sexual health intervention literature Indicate that effective sexual health education programs have contained the following ten

Key ingredients:

1. Include sufficient classroom time to achieve program objectives;

2. Provide teachers with training and administrative support;

3. Employ theoretical models to develop and implement programming;

4. Use elicitation research to ascertain student characteristics, needs, and optimal learning

Styles;

5. Specifically target sexual behaviors that lead to unintended pregnancy and/or STI/HIV

Infection;

6. Deliver and consistently reinforce prevention messages related to sexual limit setting

(e.g., delaying first intercourse, abstinence), consistent condom use and other forms of

Contraception;

7. Include activities that address social pressures related to adolescent sexual behavior;

8. Incorporate the necessary information, motivation, and skills to effectively perform sexual

Health promotion behaviors;

9. Employ appropriate evaluation tools to assess program strengths and weakness in order

10. Provide examples of and opportunities to practice (e.g., role plays) sexual limit setting,

Condom negotiation and other communication skills.

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